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WINE TERM GLOSSARY
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  English-French Wine Terms

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Decanting English pronunciation of wine term

Slowly pouring a mature wine from its bottle into a decanter to allow it to breathe and separate the wine from its sediments.

Décanter French pronunciation of wine term

Transvaser une bouteille en carafe afin d'éliminer un éventuel dépôt et d'aérer le vin pour lui permettre d'exprimer ses arômes.

Delicate English pronunciation of wine term

A delightful, lighter bodied wine that is softer on the palate.

Fin French pronunciation of wine term

Vin au bouquet et à la structure délicats.

Dessert wine English pronunciation of wine term

Sweet wine that is consumed at the end of a meal.

Vin de dessert French pronunciation of wine term

Vin doux consommé à la fin d'un repas.

Demi-sec English pronunciation of wine term

Moderately sweet champagne or sparkling wine.

Demi-sec French pronunciation of wine term

Champagne ou vin pétillant au goût légèrement sucré.

Depth English pronunciation of wine term

Describes the array of flavors, fullness and body of the wine. More commonly referred to as the complexity of the wine.

Complexité French pronunciation of wine term

Se dit d'un vin dont la palette aromatique est très variée.

Domaine or Estate-grown English pronunciation of wine term

French term for "estate", a domaine refers to a wine producer.

Domaine French pronunciation of wine term

Producteur de vin en AOC ou Vin de Pays.

Dry English pronunciation of wine term

Opposite of sweet. No obvious sugar or sweetness in the wine.

Sec French pronunciation of wine term

Vin qui ne présente aucun goût sucré.

Dull English pronunciation of wine term

Lacking flavor.

Plat French pronunciation of wine term

Terme de dégustation pour décrire un vin présentant peu d'arômes ou de saveur.

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Earthy English pronunciation of wine term

Aromas in a wine which usually develop with bottle age, they are reminiscent of truffles or wet leaves.

Terreux French pronunciation of wine term

Arômes du vin qui se développent souvent avec le vieillissement en bouteille, ils évoquent la truffe ou les feuilles mortes.

Eau-de-Vie English pronunciation of wine term

French term for spirits (alcoholic beverages produced from distillation).

Eau-de-Vie French pronunciation of wine term

Boisson alcoolique produit de la distillation.

Elegant English pronunciation of wine term

Wine presenting a balanced style without being agressive or overly powerful.

Elégant French pronunciation of wine term

Vin de bonne qualité, agréable à boire et ne présentant pas d'agressivité ou de puissance démesurée.

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Finish English pronunciation of wine term

Aftertaste or final impression a wine gives as it leaves your mouth. The lingering flavor left on your palate. The longer the finish the more sophisticated the wine.

Finale French pronunciation of wine term

Terme de dégustation utilisé lorsque le vin avalé ou recraché offre encore de nombreuses sensations buccales.

Fortified Wine English pronunciation of wine term

Wine whose alcoholic content has been strengthened by addition of grape spirits, thus halting the fermentation and retaining some residual sugar. Port wine is one example of fortified wine.

Vin fortifié French pronunciation of wine term

Vin enrichi en alcool, qui a pour effet de stopper la fermentation et de garder du sucre résiduel. Le Porto est un exemple de vin fortifié.

Fresh English pronunciation of wine term

A crisp, fruity wine which is usually consumed young.

Frais French pronunciation of wine term

Jeune et franc.

Full-bodied English pronunciation of wine term

Wines with higher viscosity, which is linked to the higher alcohol content (usually 14-17 percent alcohol). Full-bodied wines create a feeling of powerful weight in the mouth.

Etoffé French pronunciation of wine term

Vin corsé, très alcoolisé.

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Grand Cru English pronunciation of wine term

French term for a "Great growth" in vineyard. In Burgundy, Champagne or Alsace, this designates the top vineyards, whereas in Bordeaux, Grand Cru status is afforded to top chateaux according to a classification established in 1855.

Grand Cru French pronunciation of wine term

Le terme de Grand Cru désigne les meilleurs vignobles en Bourgogne, Champagne ou Alsace, alors qu'à Bordeaux, le status de Grand Cru est réservé aux grands châteaux selon une classification datant de 1855.

Green English pronunciation of wine term

Describe a young wine that hasn't developed enough maturity to balance out its acidity.

Vert French pronunciation of wine term

Jeune et acidulé, peut indiquer un défaut ou simplement qualifier un vin jeune.

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Heady English pronunciation of wine term

Strong aromatic wine with a high alcohol content

Capiteux French pronunciation of wine term

Vin chargé en alcool.

Hearty English pronunciation of wine term

A robust red wine full of flavor.

Corpulent French pronunciation of wine term

Vin robuste avec une bonne structure.

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Label English pronunciation of wine term

Credentials of a wine.

Etiquette French pronunciation of wine term

Affiche les informations relatives au vin.

Late Harvest English pronunciation of wine term

Grapes that are left to ripen on the vine and harvested later than the regular crop to produce a sweeter style wine such as dessert wines.

Vendanges Tardives French pronunciation of wine term

Mention désignant certains vins issus de grappes qui ont été laissés sur pied afin d'atteindre une surmaturation, et produisants des vins doux.

Lean English pronunciation of wine term

A wine lacking concentration and depth.

Maigre French pronunciation of wine term

Un vin manquant de concentration et de chair.

Legs English pronunciation of wine term

Oily traces running down the side of the glass after agitation, the legs give an indication on the viscosity of a wine, which is proportional to its levels of alcohol, sugar, and glycerol.

Larmes ou Pattes French pronunciation of wine term

Traces retombant le long de la paroi du verre après agitation, les larmes indiquent la viscosité du vin, qui est proportionelle au taux d'alcool, du sucre et de glycérol.

Light-bodied English pronunciation of wine term

Wines which offer less volume and weight on the palate, and which tend to be lower in alcohol.

Léger French pronunciation of wine term

Vin qui présente moins de volume et de gras en bouche, et qui a souvent un taux d'alcool plus bas.
Traces retombant le long de la paroi du verre après agitation, les larmes indiquent la viscosité du vin, qui est proportionelle au taux d'alcool, du sucre et de glycérol.

Liquoreux English pronunciation of wine term

Meaning liqueur like, term used to describe luxurious dessert wine.

Liquoreux French pronunciation of wine term

Vins de dessert, riches et moelleux tel que le Sauternes.

Long English pronunciation of wine term

A wine with a lingering flavor.

Long French pronunciation of wine term

Persistant en bouche.

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Magnum English pronunciation of wine term

A bottle with 1.5 liters capacity, the equivalent of two regular wine bottles.

Magnum French pronunciation of wine term

Contenant d'un format de 1.5 litres, soit deux bouteilles de 0.75 litres.

Mature English pronunciation of wine term

Wine that has fully developed and is ready to drink after sufficient bottle aging.

A maturité French pronunciation of wine term

Vin évolué qui est prêt à consommer à la suite d'un vieillissement en bouteille suffisant.

Methuselah English pronunciation of wine term

A bottle with six liters capacity, the equivalent of eight regular wine bottles.

Mathusalem French pronunciation of wine term

Flacon pouvant contenir huit bouteilles de 75 Cl, soit six litres. Ce terme est employé principalement pour les vins de Bordeaux.

Mis en bouteille au chateau English pronunciation of wine term

Estate bottled wine.

Mis en bouteille au château French pronunciation of wine term

Vin embouteillé directement chez le producteur.

Moelleux English pronunciation of wine term

Markedly sweet wine.

Moelleux French pronunciation of wine term

Vin d'une douceur prononcée.

Monopole English pronunciation of wine term

Vineyard under single ownership.

Monopole French pronunciation of wine term

Vignoble d'un seul tenant.

Mousse English pronunciation of wine term

The effervescence of a sparkling wine whose quality is determined by the finesse and persistence of the string of bubbles.

Mousse French pronunciation of wine term

Effervescence d'un vin mousseux dont la qualité est déterminée par la persistence et la finesse des bulles.

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Negociant English pronunciation of wine term

Wine merchant who bottles and sells purchased wines, or wines produced from purchased grapes.

Négociant French pronunciation of wine term

Société qui embouteille et revend des vins achetés, ou produits à partir de raisins achetés.

Non-Vintage Wine English pronunciation of wine term

Wines blended from several vintages to create a consistant style and quality. Common practice in Champagne.

Vin non-millésimé French pronunciation of wine term

Vins issus de l'assemblage de plusieurs millésimes afin de créer un style et une qualité homogènes. Pratique courante en Champagne.

Nose English pronunciation of wine term

Refers to the aromas or bouquet of a wine.

Nez French pronunciation of wine term

Désigne les arômes ou bouquet d'un vin.

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